I’m sure we’ve all heard about how great it is to be in the civil service, with all the benefits that come with the job. Personally, I think a lot of the perks are a little over-exaggerated. But look to see if the alpha pension scheme is any good and whether you should contribute. Plus, I examine the impact it has on your retirement if you decide to pay more into the scheme.
Civil service alpha pension
Back in 2015, many civil servants had their old pension schemes closed and were moved onto a new scheme called alpha. A frustration for many, but it was an attempt by the government to decrease its costs and make sure that the UK didn’t end up like Greece, with large numbers of people taking early retirement.
Now, I realise many employees were on different pensions beforehand (Classic, Classic Plus, Nuvos, etc), so I won’t touch on those as I don’t have enough knowledge or time to comment.
And there is so much to the alpha pension that it hurts my head a little. However, I will try to comment on the salient points.
Why take a pension?
You may wonder if you should even bother with a pension. Surely the State pension should cover all you need? Well, if you can live off £180ish per week, that should be fine. If not, you won’t find a much better long-term savings plan than a private or company pension. Not only will you receive tax relief, but your employer will also contribute to your fund.
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Is the alpha pension any good?
The Alpha provides a defined benefit, worked out on a Career Average. It is based on how much you earn for every year you belong to the scheme. It is far more generous compared to most pension schemes that you will find in the private sector.
Is the alpha pension better than the Classic?
Let’s be honest here. Members weren’t moved over from their legacy pension to Alpha because it was a more generous scheme. But that doesn’t mean it’s necessarily worse. If you plan for promotion early on in your career, the Alpha can give you a generous amount when you hit your pension age.
However, the Classic did offer a standard retirement of 60. You could also substantially boost your pension earnings by being promoted in your final years or by working overtime, as the sum you received was based on your best year’s salary for one of your last three years.
Can you opt-out?
You are not obliged to be part of the alpha scheme and can choose to opt-out of it at any time.
What are the alpha pension contribution rates?
As we all know, you pay a certain % depending on your salary. For most staff, it will be 5.45%, but the table below explains more.
|Annual Rate of Pensionable Earnings||Member Contributions Rates|
|£0.00 – £15,000||4.60%|
|£15,001 to £21,636||4.60%|
|£21,637 to £51,515||5.45%|
|£51,516 to £150,000||7.35%|
|£150,001 and above||8.05%|
The government will then add their contribution to the pension, which works out to around 26%. At the moment, for every contribution that I put into my pension, my employer more or less matches it. But remember, this is a defined benefit scheme. That means you are guaranteed to be paid a certain amount from your pension whether you live to 70 or 110.
The amount you contribute is taken from your pensionable earnings. Generally, that is money you can expect to earn as a regular part of your contract. So earnings through overtime do not count. A full (and fun) breakdown can be found here.
How much is my pension worth each year?
So, you may pay 5.45% (on average) of your income into your pension, but the government actually uses a figure of 2.32% when calculating how much your pension will be worth each year.
For example, if you earn £36,000, £835.20 will be put into the Alpha scheme. When you hit 68, that £835.20 will make up your annual pension. So, if you work for 20 years, your annual pension will be £16,704 (£835.20 x 20).
This figure is usually adjusted though to take into consideration the cost of living. This often means an increase but that’s not guaranteed. Let’s say the cost of living increases 1%, that means at the beginning of year 2, your pension will be worth (based on the figure mentioned above) £843.55. And let’s say you don’t get a pay rise, and you earn the same the following year, your pension will then be worth £1678.75 at the end of year 2. Again, this figure will then be adjusted after the cost of living is decided.
What does that figure mean?
Once you reach retirement age, that figure (as it accumulates) will be your annual pension. For many, that age will be 68 but will be 65-67 for select others (or oldies as I like to call you).
Example from the Alpha site
During the scheme year, a member had Pensionable Earnings of £16,000.00.
2.32% of a member’s Pensionable Earnings is used to calculate their alpha pension.
Pensionable Earnings x 2.32% = Amount of alpha pension accrued up to 31 March 2018
£16,000.00 x 2.32 % = £371.20
An annual adjustment is then applied to the total pension balance at the start of the following
scheme year in line with the Consumer Price Index. For 2018, the increase is 3%:
£371.20 x 3% = £11.14
£371.20 + £11.14 = £382.34
Can I take a lump sum?
You can. £1 of your pension is worth £12 towards your lump sum. Let’s imagine you have a pension worth £20,000 and you need a lump sum of £24,000. That lump sum equates to £2,000 of your annual pension (12 x 2000). So, when you take your lump sum your pension will be reduced to £18,000 per year.
Can I retire earlier?
The Alpha scheme does allow you to retire at 55 but you will take a reduced payment. What that is, I can’t tell you. It’s a secret. Actually, it’s not a simple calculation.
Taken from the site:
The factors are worked out by the scheme actuaries, using assumptions such as life expectancy.
The pension you have built up to the date you retire is adjusted by the factor according to your age and how early you are taking your benefits.
The Civil Service Pensions website has an early retirement calculator which will give you an idea of the reduction applied to your benefits. Visit: www.civilservicepensionscheme.org.uk
But… there is an option for employees to take the Alpha early without penalty. This can be at 65, 66 or 67 through something known as EPA. Of course, this isn’t free. To qualify, you must pay extra per month into your pension.
How much you pay depends on how early you want to take it and how old you are.
There is a handy calculator listed on this page under EPA estimator.
Let’s pretend there is a handsome man named Pete, 39, who would like to take his alpha pension at 65 and not 68.
To do this, he would need to pay an extra 3.6% in contributions each month (that means paying a total of 9.05% of earnings). If he were currently paying £165 per month, this would need to increase to £275. And having roughly 304 months until retirement (good grief) means a total extra payment of £33,440.
Now, that may sound horrendous, but at £840 per year, the Alpha pension should be worth £21,840 at 65. And that doesn’t include any pay raises or adjustments for the cost of living. That means between 65 and 68, Pete will receive £65,520 in pension payments. Paying £33,440 extra doesn’t seem quite so bad now!
And don’t forget, pension payments are taken before tax. That means, for a basic rate taxpayer, increasing pension payments by £100 will mean only receiving £70 less per month in their pay packet.
If handsome Pete wanted to take his pension at 66, he would need to pay an extra 2.4%, or 1.2% if he wanted to take it at 67.
Of course, working longer means a bigger pension, but that is completely up to you.
The CSPS app
Don’t forget that Civil Service Pensions have finally moved into 2010 and provided an app for you to keep track of your pension. This is actually quite helpful and I suggest everyone does it.
Civil Service Pension latest
As most of you are aware, the government lost its case against the Fire Brigades Union with regard to their pensions. The McCloud ruling meant that the new scheme discriminated against younger members.
That means that you will have the option to extend your old pension until March 2022 or keep your alpha benefits from April 2015. This is a matter of preference. For me, it will all be moved to the Classic.
Please note that none of the above constitutes financial advice. Speak to a financial advisor if you are looking for the best advice regarding your pension.
Why not take a look at my post to see if pensions really are worth it?
When did the Alpha pension start?
The Alpha pension scheme was introduced on the 1st April 2015.
Did everybody move to the Alpha scheme?
Everybody moved unless, on the 31st March 2012, you were less than 10 years away from your Normal Retirement Age (NPA). If so, you kept your current pension.
If you were more than 10 but less than 13.5 years away from your NPA, then you would have been able to choose whether or not to remain in your current pension scheme for a period of time, before moving to Alpha.
Can I take the Alpha pension at 55?
You can claim at any time from 55. But remember, as you will be paid for far longer, the amount you receive each year will reduce.
Can I opt out of the Alpha pension
You can opt out at any time. But if you make arrangements for a private pension, your employer will not make any contributions.